Right to Travel

This page is dedicated to the Right to Travel VS DRIVERS LICENSE Laws!

Copied from : http://definitions.uslegal.com/f/freedom-of-travel/

Freedom of travel and a citizen’s freedom to travel from state to state is a fundamental right that can legally restricted only in the narrowest of circumstances. Interstate travel is a basic right under the Constitution, which can be held to be a “seizure” within the meaning of the Fourth Amendment. The Fourth Amendment requires a judicial determination of probable cause as a prerequisite to extended restraint of liberty following arrest. The accused’s freedom to travel while on pretrial release may be made by the state to restrict a properly accused citizen’s constitutional right to travel outside of the state as a condition of his pretrial release, and may order him to make periodic court appearances. Such conditions are appropriately viewed as seizures within the meaning of the Fourth Amendment, and allowable as long as there is probable cause for the seizure.

This section shared from: http://www.macquirelatory.com/Right%20To%20Travel.htm

CASE #1: “The use of the highway for the purpose of travel and transportation is not a mere privilege, but a common fundamental right of which the public and individuals cannot rightfully be deprived.” Chicago Motor Coach v. Chicago, 169 NE 221.

CASE #2: “The right of the citizen to travel upon the public highways and to transport his property thereon, either by carriage or by automobile, is not a mere privilege which a city may prohibit or permit at will, but a common law right which he has under the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” Thompson v. Smith, 154 SE 579.

It could not be stated more directly or conclusively that citizens of the states have a common law right to travel, without approval or restriction (license), and that this right is protected under the U.S Constitution.

CASE #3: “The right to travel is a part of the liberty of which the citizen cannot be deprived without due process of law under the Fifth Amendment.” Kent v. Dulles, 357 US 116, 125.

CASE #4: “The right to travel is a well-established common right that does not owe its existence to the federal government. It is recognized by the courts as a natural right.” Schactman v. Dulles 96 App DC 287, 225 F2d 938, at 941.