Scheduled for Feb 27, 2016
On tonight’s show Multi topic discussion including infiltrators and agents!
On tonight’s show Multi topic discussion including infiltrators and agents of the world power players ,Donald Trump, Freemasonry, Illuminati, jesuits, Symbalism, hidden influences on government, history and preparedness studio1776.org
- GUEST CALL-IN
- (646) 668-8727
- 2/27/2016 at 6:00:00 PM 120 minutes
- SHORT LINK:
Donald Trump the Scottish Rite Freemason
I’d like to share the story of what inspired the Creation of SPHSP with our subscribers and many members of our Single Parents groups around the world that are apart of our networks organization. But first let me share a little about myself the founder of SingleParentsHelpingSingleParents.com & SingleMothersHelpingSingleMothers.com. I was born 1975 in Rochester NY to Daniel J Leach Sr and Sue Yvonne Brooks Pinson and brothers to Gordon and Jaysen Leach who are my younger siblings.
I’d like to say my story that inspired SPHSP started when I was only 7 years old when my parents separated and divorced. I won’t go into detail about the cause of this because I don’t believe it is relevant or anyones business but my familys. But I will say this that my dad raised us three boys as a single dad until he met my…
View original post 1,236 more words
Joined by David Pruitt and Eric Jones. Blaine Cooper, Victoria Sharps family and other Patriots such as Capt Karl P. Koenigs homes are being SURROUNDED to arrest and throw them in jail and intimidate them so that they will not testify or speak out to the American people about our elected Republican and Democrat murdering usurpers in Congress steal our money WITHOUT law, using our own labor and earnings against us and against our Ninth and TENTH Amendment Laws, which Support and Defend our ENTIRE Bill of Rights, our Declaration of Independence, and our WHOLE Constitution.
Blaine Cooper arrested without warrant. Their vehicle had a tire flattened last night and their car was broken into, the following morning the F.B.I. arrived to take Blaine referring to him as the “SUBJECT”? 14th Amendment subject to the jurisdiction unlawfully created in 1868, when 11 states delegates were forced out of the ratification at gunpoint.
Arrested – No Warrant / 14th Amendment SUBJECT
- 2/11/2016 at 1:57:22 PM 120 minutes
- SHORT LINK:
The FBI has Live siege in Oregon right this second:surrounded the last 4 Occupiers of the wildlife refuge in eastern Oregon and a getting ready to invade this protest before the Rev. Franklin Graham and advocate Nevada Assemblywoman Michele Fiore can arrive for a peaceful surrender.
The four occupants of a wildlife refuge in eastern Oregon are showing signs that they are ready to leave in the latest interview with them by livestream by Pete Santilli’s Spitfire Sentinel The Internet radio host who was among the eleven arrested so far in the standoff who hasn’t been released from custody.
The Rev. Franklin Graham has spoken with the remaining armed occupiers of a national wildlife refuge in Oregon.
The Oregonian reports ( http://bit.ly/1PTCRw2 ) that a spokesman for Graham confirmed that he communicated by phone with the four occupiers and federal officials.
Todd Shearer told the newspaper that Graham had no comment beyond that statement.
The last four occupiers of the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge had asked Graham to help them negotiate their departure. They have said they want assurances they won’t be arrested.
The last holdouts gave an interview Monday with an Internet radio show.
One of them, David Fry, said they were waiting for people to come and support them.
Fry repeated the occupiers’ concerns that if they left they would be arrested.
The standoff at the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge in eastern Oregon began Jan. 2 as a protest over federal land policy.
Rach’el Warman Ace!!! I gotta go to sleep it’s 250am here so I listen in morning!!! If ever you want to listen to coverage of this check outJeff Hays wall and spitfire and sentinel page!! Didn’t you have 15 mins chat with Pete santille yesterday whilst he was in custody Jeff on your talk show?? I need to check it out!!
Janet C Phelan is an investigative journalist with New Eastern Outlook. She is the author of EXILE, which discusses the circumstances under which she fled the United States. Janet focuses on issues related to legal corruption and maintains a special interest in biological weapons.
Cary Andrew Crittenden is an activist who is currently incarcerated in Santa Clara County Jail. Crittenden has become outspoken against corruption in Santa Clara County and has now been repeatedly jailed in that locale.
Call in to speak with the host
|2/02/2016 06:00 PM|
Activists are being locked up, murdered and silenced via dishonest courts, police and government. They fear social media because their usual threats and tactics don’t work. Innocent, hard working good people who do the right thing come forward exposing corruption are victimized by criminals hiding behind a government image. Please help by calling officials and giving them a piece of your mind.
New Eastern Outlook provides a daily analysis on the world affairs and events with focus on MENA and Asian countries. https://twitter.com/JournalNEO
This Next section shared from: http://www.uglyjudge.com/santa-clara-county-california-government-conspiracy-exposed-police-falsified-reports-to-frame-whistle-blower-cary-andrew-crittenden/
Santa Clara County California Government Conspiracy Exposed Police Falsified Reports To Frame Whistle Blower Cary Andrew Crittenden
Santa Clara County California Government Conspiracy Exposed Police Falsified Reports to frame Whistle blower Cary Andrew Crittenden
Crime exposed by Cary-Andrew Crittenden
The victimization of mentally disabled Heidi Yauman October 2012
The death of Markham Plaza tenant cover up Robert Moss
Heidi was fraudulently evicted from Markham Plaza Apartments in October 2012 (Case: 1-12-CV226958) The address for Markham Plaza is 2000/2010 Monterrey Road in San Jose, CA.
The attorney representing Markham Plaza is Ryan Mayberry Bar 232622 Markham Plaza is a HUD Subsidized apartment complex operated by EAH Housing.
The Public Guardian worked with Markham Plaza Property Management to facilitate the fraudulent eviction.
Heidi Yauman was evicted. Not Mr. Crittenden. Police Officer Robert Ridgeway filed a fake court pleading in Judge Manoukian‘s court to defraud Heidi of her housing at Markham Plaza (1-12-CV-226958) Then in 2014, Officer Ridgeway, his wife and Detective Carroll filed a false police report which led to the arrest of Mr. Crittenden on September 16th ( Case: C1493022 )
Involved parties Santa Clara County
Attorney Ryan Mayberry Bar 232622
San Jose Police Officer Robert Ridgeway
Deputy Public Guardian Arlene Peterson
Judge Socrates Peter Manoukian Bar 77289
Judge David Cena Bar 83173
Judge Rodney Jay Stafford Bar 54613 (Inactive)
Prosecutor Joyce Blair Bar 75849
Deputy Public Defender Jeffrey Dunn Bar 209548
Deputy Public Defender Thomson Sharkey Bar 132950
Public Defender Molly O’Neal, real name Martha Jane O’Neal Bar 150944
Sheriff Deputy Samy Tarazi Badge 2029
Sheriff Deputy David Carroll Badge 2022
Security officer Robert Ridgeway
District Attorney James Leonard Bar 203869
Probation Officer Michele Martin
Chief of Probation Laura Garnette
Document and Case Numbers
Santa Clara County Case C1493022
Detective Carroll false report: 14-182-0167
Preceded Carroll report: 14-287-0293B
Detective Samy Tarazi: 15-056-0301W
Internal Affair Case Number 2015-09
Detective David Carroll was taken off the case after it had been revealed that he lied on police report and fabricated evidence, then Detective Samy Tarazi replaced him. The internal affairs case for Detective Carroll is 2015-09 and this is under internal affairs sergeant: Alfredo Alanis His email address is Alfredo.email@example.com
Assistant DA James Leonard knew (or should have known) that evidence and reports for the case were , in fact fabricated but he still let them get submitted into court record as if they were “fact.”
There were several other officers involved. The two mentioned above are of the Santa Clara County Sheriff’s department and under the supervision of sheriff lieutenant Elbert Rivera.. (Badge# 1789)
Command officers such as Rivera are responsible for supervising all those beneath them in the chain of command and like Leonard, Rivera knew or should have known that these reports were falsified and evidence was fabricated to this case.
Exposing allegations of false statements on page 3, lines: 21 and 22 in Sheriff dept. Report: by detective Samy Tarazi in which detective Tarazi misclassified evidence, and falsely claimed images were “harassing and annoying” and in violation of restraining order (PC 166(a)(4)
They were not “harassing and annoying”, nor did they violate terms of restraining order. (In order to violate restraining order, images would have had to be of harassing nature and published by me)
It’s further alleged these false statements ( along with other statements such as in page 3 lines: 3-7) were used to fabricate probable cause for false arrest which occurred on March 24th, 2015.
Probation Officer Michele Martin is rubber stamping fake probation violations based on false and fabricated police report by Detective Samy Tarazi. She then uses the false police report by Detective Tarazi and recommended to the court that Mr. Crittenden be prohibited from using the internet ( So therefore, Michele Martin is trying to prevent Crittenden from exposing corruption and advocating for crime victims )
Detective Tarazi is fabricating reports just like Detective Carroll, but detective Carroll was replaced by detective Tarazi in early February because of publicity and pressure from social media.
Laura Garnette may be involved because as probation chief, she is responsible for the behavior of all probation staff. As Michele Martin’s boss, she should not allow behavior such as rubber stamped fake violations.
They are also FABRICATING FAKE PROBATION VIOLATIONS. ( Demanding Mr. Crittenden give password to Heidi Yauman’s computer which was stolen by Detective Samy Tarazi ) – Heidi is not on probation and is terrified of Sheriff’s department after being terrorized by Detective David Carroll.
The Probation Department is facilitating the stalking and harassment by District Attorney and Sheriff’s Department.
More detailed info on how it all got started HERE
Watch the show below for the entire story and more info
YOU CAN HELP BY EMAILING SANTA CLARA DISTRICT ATTORNEY JEFF ROSEN AND DEMANDING THEY DROP CHARGES. Email Jeff Rosen at Jrosen@da.sccgov.org
Also contacting the local New paper Mercury News HERE
People like James Leonard should be disbarred or fired regardless
Janet Phelan Reporter at Large talks about retaliation against Whistle blowers
Former Jailer Helped Plant Jailhouse Informants in Violation of Constitutional Law
Janet Phelan show with more info on the corruption
Santa Clara County Public Guardian Violates Fair Housing Act under HUD Jurisdiction.. The video below shows evidence of how those involved may be connected with an even bigger problem
Santa Clara County Public Guardian Violates Fair Housing Act under HUD Jurisdiction. Deputy Public Guardian: Arlene Peterson facilitated the illegal eviction of Heidi Yauman from Markham Plaza Apartments in San Jose, California. The HUD complaint (345092) was shut down by the Public Guardian
Cases with similar courts and dishonest law enforcement
Prosecutorial and police misconduct are often dismissed as just a few bad apples doing a few bad apple-ish things. But what happens when it’s entrenched and systemic and goes unchecked for years?
Between San Diego and Los Angeles is Orange County, California. With more than 3 million residents, it’s larger than 21 states. If Orange County were a separate country, its economy would be the 45th largest in the world. Now known for Disneyland, the county may soon be known for having one of the most corrupt justice systems in the world. The width and depth and duration of the corruption truly boggles the mind. A case that should’ve been open and shut has blown the lid off some deep secrets.
On October 12, 2011, Orange County experienced the deadliest mass killing in its modern history. Scott Dekraai killed 8 people, including his ex-wife, in a Seal Beach beauty salon. He was arrested wearing full body armor just a few blocks away. Without a doubt, Dekraai was the perpetrator. A dozen surviving witnesses saw him. He admitted to the shooting early on. Yet, nearly four years later, the case against him has all but fallen apart.
It turns out that prosecutors and police officers committed an egregious violation of Dekraai’s rights—so much so that Superior Court Judge Thomas Goethals shocked everyone and removed the Orange County District Attorney’s Office, and all 250 prosecutors, from having anything more to do with the case.
Judge disqualifies all 250 prosecutors in Orange County, CA because of widespread corruption
Sent to us in an email:
In Santa Clara County, Cary-Andrew Crittenden was railroaded for a crime he did not commit after exposing what appeared to be several court cases deliberately mishandled by Judge Socrates Peter Manoukian. Crittenden was mis- led by deputy public defender: Jeffrey Dunn who misrepresented the meaning of the statute which Crittenden was accused of violating. Mr. Crittenden pled no contest, believing that he may have inadvertently violated an obscure law.
Crittenden was later re-arrested for publishing a news article about how he was targeted by the Santa Clara County District Attorney’s office. The district attorney retaliated against Crittenden for exposing the prosecutorial misconduct that occurred in case C1493022 and filed a restraining order against Crittenden The district attorney named himself a “victim” on restraining order on the grounds that the news article that was published caused him embarrassment.
Because the district attorney is named “victim”, the Santa Clara County Public defender’s office has prepared motion to disqualify the District Attorney on the grounds that being named as ” victim” creates a conflict of interest issue. The motion recommends the court allow the case to be heard by the California State Attorney General’s office.
The motion is scheduled to be heard in Santa Clara County Hall of Justice on July 31st, 2015 in department 52 before the honorable Judge Michele McKay-McCoy. McKayMcCoy@comcast.net
Joyce Blair name seems to appear often when it comes to corruption charges
Prosecutor Michael Gressett Sues 20 People Involved in the Bogus Rape Case Against Him
More reports are coming in about James Leonard harassing people with fake restraining orders and cheating on court cases. This one here, the Todd Burpee case is significant because people coming forward believe that James Leonard mishandled DNA evidence to secure Burpee”s conviction.
PLEASE SIGN THE PETITION stop the conflict of interest, see video below
Janet Phelan is an investigative journalist with New Eastern Outlook. She is the author of EXILE, which discusses the circumstances under which she fled the United States. Janet focuses on issues related to legal corruption and maintains a special interest in biological weapons. Cary Andrew Crittenden is an activist who is currently incarcerated in Santa Clara County Jail. Crittenden has become outspoken against corruption in Santa Clara County and has now been repeatedly jailed in that locale.
Breaking News Patriot whistleblower Woman Needs support
Life or death phone blitz ! I do not use these words lightly ! Jodi Davies tomorrow in Port Huron Mich. will be locked into a mental ward and forcibly injected to where she will require a diaper. she is of healthy mind and body , a brilliant and caring former VA nurse who exposed corruption. This is exactly what was done to Alexander Solzenetzin author of Gulag Archepelago : corrupt corporate government labeling patriots as mentally ill because we are smart enough to notice the corruption. Judges Tomlinson and chief judge Dave Kelly are about to commit murder: 810-985-2160/2060/2066 the court has seized Jodis assets including her 1700 dollar monthly social security. Guardians have been appointed to manage the theft and they refuse to talk with Jodi even though they are required to do so. Call them: Julie Marriot 810-985-2174 of course the real power player behind it all : archbishop Allen Vigneron 313-237-5816 if he’s a godly man FIX THIS PROBLEM !! CourtroomObservers &Studio1776.org
a person who informs on a person or organization engaged in an illicit activity.
Whistle-blower is a term to describe insiders who come forward to expose wrongdoings and corruption in government and business . These are VERY BRAVE people on whom the truth-seeking public relies for information about government and corporate criminals . we need many more insiders to use their conscience and come forward to reveal the hidden truths . i do not really like the term ‘whistle blower’ because it has negative connotations and therefore i prefer the term ‘truth-teller’ . lets encourage and protect them . thank everyone for me for staying very close and on top of this case . this is an extreme violation of Jodis rights and freedoms . Thanks again
No accusation of any crime whatsover . She has not been indicted or even arrested . They have no material evidence of any crime or offense . She is obviously not a danger to herself or others . Difficult to believe isnt it ? Its happening . apparantly her mother is taking the side of the corrupt coporate court because the family wants to sell the grandmothers house where grandma and Jodi live and the mother cannot get her hands on the money until the house is empty and grandma is institionalized alomg with Jodi . also lots of state money for the witches court and the mental hospital so there is the incentive of greed plus they can quiet a patriot and truth-teller ….
Please listen to an emergency interview with Jodi in Michigan , probate court destroying her life , is attempting to medicate and involuntarily inject a woman against her will by psychiatric Drugs to steal her social security payments and lock her up in a psych ward in St. Clair County Community Mental Health facility on Wednesday morning after researching because she is a whistleblower. Jodi Davies is totally normal. Jodi Davies :get details and hear interview on Studio1776.org
“When the Nazis came for the communists,
I remained silent; I was not a communist. When they locked up the social democrats,
I remained silent; I was not a social democrat. When they came for the trade unionists,
I did not speak out; I was not a trade unionist. When they came for the Jews,
I remained silent; I wasn’t a Jew. When they came for me, there was no one left to speak out.” Martin_Niemöller
Please call Judge John D Tomlinson behalf of Jodi Davies tell him you’re watching this case!
Circuit Court Family Division
Rights and Legal Issues – Involuntary Commitment
Medicating Patients Involuntarily at Psychiatric Hospitals
Medicating Patients Involuntarily at Psychiatric Hospitals (Word* | also in PDF*)
All hospital patients with unimpaired capacity have the right to consent to or refuse treatment unless there is an emergency. In light of this right to informed consent, a patient can only be medicated involuntarily if
- a guardian for the incapacitated patient consents,
- the incapacitated patient has an advance directive that allows treatment over objection,
- a District Court has ordered treatment with an involuntary commitment,
- treatment is authorized following a clinical review panel,
- treatment is authorized following an administrative hearing, or
- a psychiatric emergency exists.
This summary is just an overview of the applicable laws. For more complete information, you should refer directly to statutes about guardianship and advance directives, http://www.mainelegislature.org/legis/statutes/18-A/title18-Ach5sec0.html ; to the statutes about involuntary commitment with involuntary treatment ordered, http://www.mainelegislature.org/legis/statutes/34-B/title34-Bsec3864.html; to the statute about clinical review panel process,http://www.mainelegislature.org/legis/statutes/34-B/title34-Bsec3861.html; or to the Rights of Recipients of Adult Mental Health Services regulation RightsRecipientsconcerning administrative hearings for involuntary treatment or treatment during psychiatric emergencies.
For more complete information related to the content and effect of advance directives, go to the Maine Disability Rights Center’s Advanced Health Care Directives Manual http://www.drcme.org/Handbooks.html
St. Clair County Community Mental Health is governed by a 12-member board of directors.
St. Clair County Community Mental Health
3111 Electric Avenue
Port Huron Michigan 48060
Phone: (810) 985-8900
Advisory Council for Families & Persons with Developmental Disabilities of St. Clair County
The Advisory Council for Families and Persons with Developmental Disabilities of St. Clair County advises the Adult & Family Services Division of St. Clair County CMH. The membership consists of interested residents of St. Clair County; representatives of individuals receiving CMH services and their families, and representatives of advocacy organizations and human service agencies serving people with developmental disabities.
For more information, contact Tracy Duncan at (810) 985-8900.
Advisory Council for Families and Persons with Mental Illness of St. Clair County
The Advisory Council for Families and Persons with Mental Illness advises the Adult and Family Services division of St. Clair County CMH. The membership consists of St. Clair County residents who represent individuals receiving CMH services and their families; representatives of advocacy organizations and human service agencies serving individuals with mental illness; and other interested community members.
For more information, contact Tracy Matthews at (810) 985-8900.
Board of Directors – Meeting Schedule
The board meets on the first and third Tuesdays of each month at 6:00 p.m., unless otherwise noted.
- 1/18/2016 at 6:01:03 PM 120 minutes
- SHORT LINK:
- Federal Eye
Millions over age 112 have Social Security numbers, and it’s not because we’re living longer
Please help get these on all your social sites!!!
“THIS is all about URANIUM! The feds and the BLM are working to “clear the land” for Australian Portland based, “Oregon Energy” which has big plans to mine most of the SE section of that county, where most of the URANIUM deposits are. This is big money! Why is nobody talking about this?”
Federal facility in remote southeastern BURNS, Oregon Malheur National Wildlife 187,000-acre refuge in Harney County, headquarters that has been held by called anti-government occupiers that have been for the past two weeks a growing siege staged to protest the imprisonment of two local ranchers and a federal government that they say is out of control. The Malheur National Wildlife Refuge, established in 1908 by President Theodore Roosevelt, sits in a vast high-desert basin circled. Burns, a town of 2,800 and the county seat, is 30 miles away on a narrow, two-lane road.
Please listen and share to the following interview about the Feds and BLM’S land grab for URANIUM!
UN’s own website, is a “comprehensive plan of action to be taken globally, nationally and locally by organizations of the United Nations system, governments and major groups, in every area in which human impacts on the environment.”
“Sustainable development” is the catch-phrase Beck urged his Monday evening viewers to be leery of.
In rem jurisdiction (Latin, “power about or against ‘the thing'”) is a legal term describing the power a court may exercise over property (either real or personal) or a “status” against a person over whom the court does not have in personam jurisdiction. Jurisdiction in rem assumes the property or status is the primary object of the action, rather than personal liabilities not necessarily associated with the property (quasi in rem jurisdiction). For further reading about this at bottom of this post!
EMINENT DOMAIN. The power to take private property for public use. MacVeagh v. Multonomah County, 126 Or. 417, 270 P. 502, 507. The right of eminent domain is the right of the state, through its regular organization, to reassert, either temporarily or permanently, its dominion over any portion of the soil of the state on account of public exigency and for the public good. Thus, in time of war or insurrection, the proper authorities may possess and hold any part of the territory of the state for the common safety; and in time of peace the legislature may authorize the appropriation of the same to public purposes, such as the opening of roads, construction of defenses, or providing channels for trade or travel. The right of society, or of the sovereign, to dispose, in case of necessity, and for the public safety, of all the wealth contained in the state, is called “eminent domain.” Jones v. Walker, 2 Paine, 688, Fed.Cas.No.7,507. Eminent domain is the highest and most exact idea of property remaining in the government, or in the aggregate body of the people in their sovereign capacity. It gives a right to resume the possession of the property in the manner directed by the constitution and the laws of the state, whenever the public interest requires it. Beekman v. Saratoga & S. R. Co., 3 Paige, N.Y., 45, 73, 22 Am. Dec. 679. “The exaction of money from individuals under the right of taxation, and the appropriation of private property for public use by virtue of the power of eminent domain, must not be confused. In paying taxes the citizen contributes his just and ascertained share to the expenses of the government under which he lives. But when his property is taken under the power of eminent domain, he is compelled to surrender to the public something above and beyond his due proportion for the public benefit. The matter is special. It is in the nature of a compulsory sale to the state.” Black, Tax-Titles, § 3; Beeland Wholesale Co. v. Kaufman, 234 Ala. 249, 174 So. 516, 520. The term “eminent domain” is sometimes (but inaccurately) applied to the land, buildings, etc., owned directly by the government, and which have not yet passed into any private ownership. This species of property is much better designated as the “public domain,” or “national domain.” http://www.nationallibertyalliance.org/files/docs/Books/Black’s%20Law%204th%20edition,%201891.pdf
Posted on Freedom Advocates on March 3rd 2004
BREAKING: Harney Co Fire Chief Resigns. FBI Caught Posing As Militia At Local Armory
Offensive or Defensive? #OccupyMalheur Part 1
Be sure to catch part 2….. Jimmie Carter regime exposed!! The game has been ongoing for quite sometime now!
Not real big on Pete as he comes off as another “Shockjock” like Alex Jones and has a tendency to push too hard, at the wrong time. But, that’s just me….
Wednesday – 1/13/16 – Update (1) from Malheur Wildlife Refuge In Burns, Oregon – #OregonFront Pete Santilli Show
Secrecy is repugnant to a free society and the breeding ground for corruption & tyranny. I have no problem with Authority, I have a problem with TPtSB’s perceived authority.
Do you hear what I hear???? I am calling the Kings and Queens to come regain their rightful Crowns!
Johnny B of the Clan Mikel www.johnnybfrommissouri.com
This private email message, including any attachment(s) is limited to the sole use of the intended recipient and may contain Privileged and/or Confidential Information. Any and All Political, Private or Public Entities, Federal, State, or Local Corporate Government(s), Municipality(ies), International Organizations, Corporation(s), agent(s), investigator(s), or informant(s), et. al., and/or Third Party(ies) working in collusion by collecting and/or monitoring My email(s),and any other means of spying and collecting these Communications Without my Exclusive Permission are Barred from Any and All Unauthorized Review, Use, Disclosure or Distribution. With Explicit Reservation of All My Rights, Without Prejudice and Without Recourse to Me. Any omission does not constitute a waiver of any and/or ALL Intellectual Property Rights or Reserved Rights U.C.C.1-308. NOTICE TO AGENTS IS NOTICE TO PRINCIPALS. NOTICE TO PRINCIPALS IS NOTICE TO AGENTS.
In rem jurisdiction
||The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with the United States and do not represent a worldwide viewof the subject. (January 2013)|
In rem jurisdiction (Latin, “power about or against ‘the thing'”) is a legal term describing the power a court may exercise over property (either real or personal) or a “status” against a person over whom the court does not have in personam jurisdiction. Jurisdiction in rem assumes the property or status is the primary object of the action, rather than personal liabilities not necessarily associated with the property (quasi in rem jurisdiction).
Within the U.S. federal court system, jurisdiction in rem typically refers to the power a federal court may exercise over large items of immoveable property, or real property, located within the court’s jurisdiction. The most frequent circumstance in which this occurs in the Anglo-American legal system is when a suit is brought in admiralty law against a vessel to satisfy debts arising from the operation or use of the vessel.
Within the American state court systems, jurisdiction in rem may refer to the power the state court may exercise over real property or personal property or a person’s marital status. State courts have the power to determine legal ownership of any real or personal property within the state’s boundaries.
A right in rem or a judgment in rem binds the world as opposed to rights and judgments inter partes which only bind those involved in their creation.
Originally, the notion of in rem jurisdiction arose in situations in which property was identified but the owner was unknown. Courts fell into the practice of styling a case not as “John Doe, Unknown owner of (Property)”, but as just “Ex Parte (property)” or perhaps the awkward “State v. (Property)”, usually followed by a notice by publication seeking claimants to title to the property; see examples below. This last style is awkward because in law, only a person may be a party to a judicial proceeding – hence the more common in personam style – and a non-person would at least have to have a guardian appointed to represent its interests, or the interests of the unknown owner.
The use of this kind of jurisdiction in asset forfeiture cases is troublesome because it has been increasingly used in situations where the party in possession is known, which by historical common law standards would make him the presumptive owner, and yet the prosecution and court presumes he is not the owner and proceeds accordingly. This kind of process has been used to seize large sums of cash from persons who are presumed to have obtained the money unlawfully because of the large amount, often in situations where the person could prove he was in lawful possession of it, but was forced to spend more on legal fees to do so than the amount of money forfeited.
- Case of One 1985 Nissan, 300ZX, VIN: JN1C214SFX069854, 889 F.2d 1317. 1989 case heard by the Fourth Circuit using the older naming style, because the owner was murdered before the government could arrest him on suspicion of drug trafficking.
- U. S. v. 422 Casks of Wine (1828), an early 19th-century example
- United States v. Forty Barrels & Twenty Kegs of Coca-Cola (1916), brought under the Pure Food and Drug Act (1906) against, not The Coca Cola Company itself, but rather “Forty Barrels and Twenty Kegs of Coca-Cola”.
- United States v. Ninety-Five Barrels Alleged Apple Cider Vinegar — Early Food and Drug Administration case.
- United States v. One Ford Coupe Automobile (1926)
- United States v. One Package of Japanese Pessaries, 86 F.2d 737 (2d Cir. 1936), a case involving contraceptives Margaret Sanger attempted to import, heard by the Second Circuit.
- United States v. 11 1/4 Dozen Packages of Articles Labeled in Part Mrs. Moffat’s Shoo-Fly Powders for Drunkenness, 40 F.Supp. 208 (W.D.N.Y. 1941)
- United States v. One Book Called Ulysses, the landmark 1933 ruling by John M. Woolsey that James Joyce‘s novel had sufficient literary merit to overcome its obscene portions. Upheld on appeal as United States v. One Book Entitled Ulysses by James Joyce.
- Marcus v. Search Warrant, full title Marcus v. Search Warrant of Property at 104 East Tenth Street, Kansas City, Missouri. An unusual in rem case heard by the Supreme Court where the named object was not the seized property but the warrant under which it was seized. Since all the government agents involved were indisputably acting within the law as it stood, the only way for the petitioner to challenge the constitutionality of the seizure was to name the search warrant itself as defendant.
- Quantity of Books v. Kansas, 1964 U.S. Supreme Court case holding seizure of allegedly obscene materials unconstitutional without prior hearing to determine obscenity.
- One 1958 Plymouth Sedan v. Pennsylvania, 380 U.S. 693 (1965), case in which the U.S. Supreme Court held that the exclusionary rule prevents the forfeiture of material seized in cases where the Fourth Amendment was violated.
- Memoirs v. Massachusetts, case involving Fanny Hill, heard by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1966 (full title: A Book Named “John Cleland’s Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure”, et al. v. Attorney General of Massachusetts)
- United States v. Thirty-seven Photographs, an obscenity forfeiture case heard by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1971.
- United States v. 12 200-ft. Reels of Film, a case very similar to the above heard by the Supreme Court two years later.
- United States v. Article Consisting of 50,000 Cardboard Boxes More or Less, Each Containing One Pair of Clacker Balls, 413 F. Supp. 1281 (D. Wisc. 1976). Held that the seizure provisions of the Federal Hazardous Substances Act do not violate the Due Process Clause.
- People v. Property Listed in Exhibit One (1991)
- R.M.S. Titanic, Inc. v. The Wrecked and Abandoned Vessel, R.M.S. Titanic 286 F.3d 194 (2d Cir., 2002) – here distinguishing between plaintiff (company) and object, of the same name; in full the case also named persons as defendants, and identifies the object more precisely as:
- The Wrecked and Abandoned Vessel, its engines, tackle apparel, appurtenances, cargo, etc., located within one (1) nautical mile of a point located at 41° 43′ 32″ North Latitude and 49° 56′ 49″ West Longitude, believed to be the R.M.S. Titanic, in rem;
- United States v. $124,700 in U.S. Currency (2006), an asset forfeiture case based on drug law.
- United States v. 127 Shares of Stock in Paradigm Mfg., 758 F.Supp. 581. A 1990 case from California where a former spouse and children sought to recover securities allegedly purchased with the husband/father’s proceeds from drug sales.
- United States v. 50 Acres of Land, 1984 U.S. Supreme Court case involving eminent domain, holding that cost of replacement for taken property does not have to be calculated in its fair market value.
- United States v. Approximately 64,695 Pounds of Shark Fins (9th Cir., 2008). Asset forfeiture case under the Shark Finning Prohibition Act of 2000.
- United States v. Various Pieces of Semiconductor Manufacturing Equipment, 649 F.2d 606 (8th Cir., 1981). Company that was caught trying to sell them to the Soviets claims the long delay between seizure and forfeiture proceedings was a due process violation.
- United States v. One Tyrannosaurus Bataar Skeleton (2012). The case was brought to stop the sale of a dinosaur skeleton that had allegedly been looted from the Gobi desert in violation of Mongolian law.
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